- Cook Islands
Introduction ::Cook IslandsBackground:Named after Captain COOK, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965, residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.Geography ::Cook IslandsLocation:Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New ZealandGeographic coordinates:21 14 S, 159 46 WArea:total: 236 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 215land: 236 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:1.3 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:120 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmcontinental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental marginClimate:tropical oceanic; moderated by trade winds; a dry season from April to November and a more humid season from December to MarchTerrain:low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in southElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Te Manga 652 mNatural resources:NEGLLand use:arable land: 8.33%permanent crops: 4.17%other: 87.5% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:typhoons (November to March)Environment - current issues:NAEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer ProtectionGeography - note:the northern Cook Islands are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Cook Islands, where most of the population lives, consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles, including the largest, Rarotonga, at 67 sq kmPeople and Society ::Cook IslandsNationality:noun: Cook Islander(s)adjective: Cook IslanderEthnic groups:Cook Island Maori (Polynesian) 87.7%, part Cook Island Maori 5.8%, other 6.5% (2001 census)Languages:English (official), MaoriReligions:Protestant 69.6% (Cook Islands Christian Church 55.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7.9%, other Protestant 5.8%), Roman Catholic 16.8%, Mormon 3.8%, other 4.2%, unspecified 2.6%, none 3% (2001 census)Population:10,447 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 225Age structure:0-14 years: 23.4% (male 1,297/female 1,150)15-24 years: 18.1% (male 1,015/female 877)25-54 years: 38% (male 1,995/female 1,971)55-64 years: 9.9% (male 549/female 483)65 years and over: 10.6% (male 544/female 566) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 33.7 yearsmale: 33 yearsfemale: 34.3 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:-3.07% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 233Birth rate:14.93 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 134Death rate:7.66 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 111Urbanization:urban population: 75% of total population (2008)rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 14.81 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 113male: 18.01 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 11.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 75.15 yearscountry comparison to the world: 96male: 72.35 yearsfemale: 78.09 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:2.31 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 96Contraceptive prevalence rate:43.2% (1999)Health expenditures:4.4% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 158Physicians density:1.18 physicians/1,000 population (2004)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 99% of populationrural: 87% of populationtotal: 95% of populationunimproved:urban: 1% of populationrural: 13% of populationtotal: 5% of population (2000 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAObesity - adult prevalence rate:63.7% (2008)country comparison to the world: 3Education expenditures:3.2% of GDP (2011)country comparison to the world: 138Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 95%male: NAfemale: NASchool life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 12 yearsmale: 12 yearsfemale: 13 years (2011)People - note:2001 census counted a resident population of 15,017Government ::Cook IslandsCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Cook Islandsformer: Harvey IslandsDependency status:self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands is fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense in consultation with the Cook IslandsGovernment type:self-governing parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Avaruageographic coordinates: 21 12 S, 159 46 Wtime difference: UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:noneIndependence:none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)National holiday:Constitution Day, first Monday in August (1965)Constitution:4 August 1965Legal system:common law similar to New Zealand common lawInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration (New Zealand normally retains responsibility for external affairs); accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) represented by Sir Frederick GOODWIN (since 9 February 2001); New Zealand High Commissioner John CARTER (since 29 July 2011)head of government: Prime Minister Henry PUNA (since 30 November 2010)cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the UK representative appointed by the monarch; the New Zealand high commissioner appointed by the New Zealand Government; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes prime ministerLegislative branch:bicameral Parliament consists of a House of Ariki, or upper house, made up of traditional leaders and a Legislative Assembly, or lower house, (24 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)note: the House of Ariki advises on traditional matters and maintains considerable influence but has no legislative powerselections: last held on 17 November 2010 (next to be held by 2014)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CIP 16, Demo 8Judicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the chief justice and 3 judges of the High Court); High Court (consists of the chief justice and at least 4 judges and organized into civil, criminal, and land divisions)note - appeals beyond the Cook Islands Court of Appeal are brought before the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)judge selection and term of office: High Court chief justice appointed by the Queen's Representative on the advice of the Executive Council tendered by the prime minister; other judges appointed by the Queen's Representative, on the advice of the Executive Council tendered by the chief justice, High Court chief justice, and the minister of justice; chief justice and judges appointed for 3-year renewable termssubordinate courts: justices of the peacePolitical parties and leaders:Cook Islands Party or CIP [Henry PUNA]Democratic Party or Demo [Dr. Terepai MAOATE]Political pressure groups and leaders:Reform Conference (lobby for political system changes)other: various groups lobbying for political changeInternational organization participation:ACP, ADB, AOSIS, FAO, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IMO, IMSO, IOC, ITUC (NGOs), OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMODiplomatic representation in the US:none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)Flag description:blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large circle of 15 white five-pointed stars (one for every island) centered in the outer half of the flagNational anthem:name: ""Te Atua Mou E"" (To God Almighty)lyrics/music: Tepaeru Te RITO/Thomas DAVISnote: adopted 1982; as prime minister, Sir Thomas DAVIS composed the anthem; his wife, a tribal chief, wrote the lyricsEconomy ::Cook IslandsEconomy - overview:Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, the limited size of domestic markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture, employing more than one-quarter of the working population, provides the economic base with major exports of copra and citrus fruit. Black pearls are the Cook Islands' leading export. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are offset by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country lived beyond its means, maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms, including the sale of state assets, the strengthening of economic management, the encouragement of tourism, and a debt restructuring agreement, have rekindled investment and growth.GDP (purchasing power parity):$183.2 million (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 220GDP (official exchange rate):$183.2 million (2005 est.)GDP - real growth rate:0.1% (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 178GDP - per capita (PPP):$9,100 (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 125GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 5.1%industry: 12.7%services: 82.1% (2010 est.)Agriculture - products:copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee; pigs, poultryIndustries:fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicraftsIndustrial production growth rate:1% (2002)country comparison to the world: 118Labor force:6,820 (2001)country comparison to the world: 219Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 29%industry: 15%services: 56% (1995)Unemployment rate:13.1% (2005)country comparison to the world: 132Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $70.95 millionexpenditures: $69.05 million (FY05/06)Taxes and other revenues:38.7% of GDP (FY05/06)country comparison to the world: 49Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):1% of GDP (FY05/06)country comparison to the world: 33Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):2.2% (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 522.2% (2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$38.99 million (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 185$38.99 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$148.2 million (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 188$170.9 million (31 December 2010 est.)Current account balance:$26.67 million (2005)country comparison to the world: 56Exports:$5.222 million (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 216Exports - commodities:copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothingImports:$83.49 million (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 215$80.55 million (2010 est.)Imports - commodities:foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goodsDebt - external:$141 million (1996 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Exchange rates:NZ dollars (NZD) per US dollar -1.2334 (2012)1.2659 (2011 est.)1.3874 (2010)1.6002 (2009)1.4151 (2008)Energy ::Cook IslandsElectricity - production:31.13 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 210Electricity - consumption:28.95 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 210Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 184Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 176Electricity - installed generating capacity:8,090 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 204Electricity - from fossil fuels:98.9% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 59Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 73Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 165Electricity - from other renewable sources:1.1% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 69Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 123Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 99Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 174Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 121Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 168Refined petroleum products - consumption:974 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 205Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 169Refined petroleum products - imports:484.7 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 118Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 134Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 85Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 126Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:302,000 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Communications ::Cook IslandsTelephones - main lines in use:7,200 (2009)country comparison to the world: 205Telephones - mobile cellular:7,800 (2009)country comparison to the world: 211Telephone system:general assessment: Telecom Cook Islands offers international direct dialing, Internet, email, fax, and Telexdomestic: individual islands are connected by a combination of satellite earth stations, microwave systems, and VHF and HF radiotelephone; within the islands, service is provided by small exchanges connected to subscribers by open-wire, cable, and fiber-optic cableinternational: country code - 682; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)Broadcast media:1 privately owned TV station broadcasts from Rarotonga providing a mix of local news and overseas-sourced programs; a satellite program package is available; 6 radio stations broadcast with 1 reportedly reaching all of the islands (2009)Internet country code:.ckInternet hosts:3,562 (2012)country comparison to the world: 150Internet users:6,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 205Transportation ::Cook IslandsAirports:11 (2013)country comparison to the world: 153Airports - with paved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 101,524 to 2,437 m: 2914 to 1,523 m: 7under 914 m:1 (2013)Roadways:total: 320 kmcountry comparison to the world: 202paved: 33 kmunpaved: 287 km (2003)Merchant marine:total: 35country comparison to the world: 81by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 25, passenger 1, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 1foreign-owned: 23 (Estonia 1, Germany 1, Lithuania 1, Norway 8, NZ 2, Russia 1, Sweden 3, Turkey 4, UK 2) (2010)Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): AvatiuMilitary ::Cook IslandsMilitary branches:no regular military forces; National Police Department (2009)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 2,198females age 16-49: 2,156 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 127female: 107 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of New Zealand in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its requestTransnational Issues ::Cook IslandsDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cook Islands — Kūki Āirani Cookinseln … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cook Islands — group of islands in the South Pacific, west of the Society Islands: a self governing territory associated with New Zealand: 113 sq mi (293 sq km); pop. 19,000 … English World dictionary
Cook Islands — a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand. It is a ↑territory of New Zealand but has its own government. Population: 20,611 (2001). Capital: Avarua … Dictionary of contemporary English
Cook Islands — For individual islands named Cook Island , see Cook Island (disambiguation). Cook Islands Kūki Āirani … Wikipedia
Cook Islands — a group of islands in the S Pacific belonging to New Zealand. 21,317; 99 sq. mi. (256 sq. km). * * * Cook Islands Introduction Cook Islands Background: Named after Captain Cook, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate… … Universalium
Cook Islands — Îles Cook Kūki Āirani (mi ck) Cook Islands (en) Îles Cook … Wikipédia en Français
Cook Islands — Cook′ Is′lands n. pl. geg a group of islands in the S Pacific belonging to New Zealand. 21,317; 99 sq. mi. (256 sq. km) … From formal English to slang
Cook Islands — geographical name islands S Pacific SW of Society Islands; self governing territory of New Zealand capital Avarua (on Rarotonga Island) area 92 square miles (238 square kilometers), population 17,614 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Cook Islands — group of islands that are located in the south Pacific Ocean and are ruled autonomously under a loose association with New Zealand … English contemporary dictionary
Cook Islands — /kʊk ˈaɪləndz/ (say kook uyluhndz) plural noun a group of islands in the South Pacific, an internally self governing state in free association with NZ … Australian English dictionary